One of the more frequent pieces of advice that I pass on to young DPs (cinematographers, camera oporators) is the concept of "shooting for the edit". During the production process, it's the DP's job to capture the proper coverage for the scene - whether you decide to cover the scene in a single shot or do traditional coverage.
I often say to students, "If you want to learn coverage, spend time with a good editor." The editor ultimately decides how the scene will play. Without proper coverage, it's like trying to complete a puzzle with missing pieces.
I will always try to shoot a wide master of a scene, and then mediums, close-ups, reaction shots, etc. (if the director has decided to do traditional coverage). Even if the editor decides to use only the close-ups, you have done your job as part of the storytelling process by providing options for the final edit.
A great exercise for learning shot coverage is to watch of few of your favorite films or series shows ... with the sound off. By turning the sound off, your focus will be solely on the imagery - and you will see camera moves, blocking, shot structure, lighting ... everything! It's a great way to learn the craft of cinematography.